An inactive lifestyle is another major risk factor for CVD4. An increase in overall levels of physical activity and aerobic exercise is also suggested by several guidelines1,3,5 as a very important non-pharmacological tool for primary CVD prevention.
Physical activity has a positive effect on many of the established risk factors for CVD such as preventing and reducing BP, helping to control body weight, improving blood lipids (reducing LDL-cholesterol without consistent effects on HDL-cholesterol and TG) and lowering the risk of developing type 2 diabetes1,3,5.
Daily physical activity, at moderate intensity should be emphasized as a part of an active lifestyle!
Primary care is an important setting for the promotion of physical activity. Recommendations should be tailored to patient's needs and range from simple lifestyle advice through to the roll-out of targeted programs for harder-to-reach individuals. It is recommended that individuals accumulate at least 30 min/day, on 5 days per week, of moderate intensity physical activity (i.e. 150 min/week) or 15 min/day, on 5 days per week, of vigorous intensity physical activity (75 min/week), or a combination of both, performed in sessions with a duration of at least 10 min1.